netket.hilbert#

Hilbert-space objects determine the state space of a quantum system and a specific choice of basis. All implementations of Hilbert spaces derive from the class AbstractHilbert and fall into two classes:

  • discrete Hilbert spaces, which inherit from the abstract class DiscreteHilbert and include spin (Spin), Fock (Fock), and qubit (Qubit) spaces. Discrete spaces are typically used to describe lattice systems. The lattice structure itself is, however, not part of the Hilbert space class and can be defined separately.

  • continuous Hilbert spaces, which inherit from the abstract class ContinuousHilbert. Currently, the only concrete continuous space provided by NetKet is Particle.

Inheritance diagram of netket.hilbert, netket.experimental.hilbert

Concrete Classes#

Below you find a list of all concrete Hilbert spaces that you can use.

CustomHilbert

A custom hilbert space with discrete local quantum numbers.

TensorHilbert

Tensor product of several Discrete sub-spaces, representing the space

DoubledHilbert

Superoperatorial hilbert space for states living in the tensorised state \(\hat{H}\otimes \hat{H}\), encoded according to Choi's isomorphism.

Spin

Hilbert space obtained as tensor product of local spin states.

Qubit

Hilbert space obtained as tensor product of local qubit states.

Fock

Hilbert space obtained as tensor product of local fock basis.

Particle

Hilbert space derived from AbstractParticle for Fermions.

In the experimental submodule there is also an hilbert space for fermions.

experimental.hilbert.SpinOrbitalFermions

Hilbert space for 2nd quantization fermions with spin s distributed among n_orbital orbitals.

Abstract Classes#

Below you find a list of all abstract classes defined in this module. Those classes cannot be directly instantiated, but you can inherit from one of them if you want to define new hilbert spaces.

AbstractHilbert

Abstract class for NetKet hilbert objects.

ContinuousHilbert

Abstract class for the Hilbert space of particles in continuous space.

DiscreteHilbert

Abstract class for an hilbert space defined on a lattice.

HomogeneousHilbert

The Abstract base class for homogeneous hilbert spaces.

Random submodule#

When defining a new Hilbert space, you must define how to uniformly sample the basis elements of that Hilbert space by defining some dispatch rules for those functions.

random.flip_state

Given a state σ and an index i, randomly flips σ[i] so that σ_new[i] ≢ σ[i].

random.random_state